EUA Council for Doctoral Education

29 October 2010

Salzburg II Recommendations: European universities' achievements since 2005 in implementing the Salzburg principles

EUA Council for Doctoral Education

In 2005, the Salzburg Principles were established in the Bologna Process as the basis of the reforms for doctoral education. In the half decade that has passed since then, Europe’s universities have carried out wide-ranging reforms in this area, most notably by establishing doctoral schools. The achievements and experiences of Europe’s universities affirm and enrich the original principles.


These recommendations are meant as a set of guidelines for a diverse landscape of doctoral schools and programmes, rather than a standardised checklist.